Project Update

In this update of our project, we began by solidifying our framing and focus questions to the following

Framing: How have export economies, a common trend amongst formerly colonized countries, impacted resource use and preservation?

Focus: How has Chile’s primarily export economy impacted resource use and preservation?

In this lab, we came to the realization that finding data to express colonialism would be especially tricky, so we had to think creatively. Thus, we decided to focus on neocolonialism, and the more lasting impacts colonialism has had on the country.

Next we built up our methodology.  To do this, we started by creating an Actor Network Theory Map to show the connection between the export economy of Chile and neocolonialism.  We determined that foreign intervention from the United States and Great Britain in the mining and salmon ranching industries played a significant role in Chile’s current export heavy economy. We also chose to visually represent data collected from the World Bank on fisheries, mining, and exports in a variety of maps and charts to effectively show trends both globally and in Chile over time.  

We subsequently proposed field-based and survey-based studies that would provide us with further insight into this subject.  Collection of field-based data could include historical aerial photos of urbanization and cover change over time, as this would illustrate possible changes to the economic structure that accompany population shifts. Additionally, these photos could focus on mining locations and deforestation regions that would have shifted dramatically over time. In terms of survey-based data, many of our sources establish a dialogue with Chilean citizens that coincide with their statistical findings. Much of those interviews could be included in our survey data as they provide quantitative and qualitative social research into how the economy functions under resource exports.

When we find the cumulative results of our data coverage, perhaps there will be an implication that reveals the scale of resource extraction in relation to environmental degradation. The results we find would implicate a completeness to whether an economic system that centers around natural resources can be sustainable, or if natural resource economies are inherently more likely to be negative in their effects upon the people and ecosystem. Further research can then be considered through a compelling application of our results in relation to our current situated context that may provide future endeavors in favor of preservation and resource use that Chile may undertake.

Sources

Soluri, John. “SOMETHING FISHY: Chile’s Blue Revolution, Commodity Diseases, and the Problem of Sustainability.” Latin American Research Review 46 (2011): 55-81. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41261392.

Asche, Frank, Kristin H. Roll, Hilde Sandvold, Arne Sørvig, and Dengjun Zhang. 2013. “Salmon Aquaculture: Larger Companies and Increased Production.” Aquaculture Economics & Management 17 (July).

Ibarra, Alonso Aguilar, Chris Reid, and Andy Thorpe. 2000. “The Political Economy of Marine Fisheries Development in Peru, Chile and Mexico.” Journal of Latin American Studies 32 (2): 503–27. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-latin-american-studies/article/political-economy-of-marine-fisheries-development-in-peru-chile-and-mexico/13BE5227C460A2AF4C1839EBA61F1E49.

Riva Rossi, C. M., M. A. Pascual, E. Aedo Marchant, N. Basso, J. E. Ciancio, B. Mezga, D. A. Fernández, and B. Ernst-Elizalde. 2012. “The Invasion of Patagonia by Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus Tshawytscha): Inferences from Mitochondrial DNA Patterns.” Genetica 140 (10–12): 439–53. Zaitchik, Alexander. 2018. “HOW CONSERVATION BECAME COLONIALISM: Indigenous People, Not Environmentalists, Are the Key to Protecting the World’s Most Precious Ecosystems.” Foreign Policy, July 2018. Academic OneFile.


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